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- Location: Springfield, Massachusetts. Since 1857 Smith & Wesson has staked its headquarters in Springfield, Massachusetts with manufacturing operations in Holton, Maine and other operations in Columbia, Missouri. Partnership with Horace Smith & Daniel B. Wesson was from 1856–1874. Family owned by the Wesson Family from 1874.
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|Skip to Plural Noun Forms.|
Showing possession in English is a relatively easy matter (believe it or not). By adding an apostrophe and an s we can manage to transform most singular nouns into their possessive form:
- the car's front seat
- Charles's car
- Bartkowski's book
- a hard day's work
Some writers will say that the -s after Charles' is not necessary and that adding only the apostrophe (Charles' car) will suffice to show possession. Consistency is the key here: if you choose not to add the -s after a noun that already ends in s, do so consistently throughout your text. William Strunk's Elements of Style recommends adding the 's. (In fact, oddly enough, it's Rule Number One in Strunk's 'Elementary Rules of Usage.') You will find that some nouns, especially proper nouns, especially when there are other -s and -z sounds involved, turn into clumsy beasts when you add another s: 'That's old Mrs. Chambers's estate.' In that case, you're better off with 'Mrs. Chambers' estate.'
There is another way around this problem of klunky possessives: using the 'of phrase' to show possession. For instance, we would probably say the 'constitution of Illinois,' as opposed to 'Illinois' (or Illinois's ??) constitution.'
To answer that question about Illinois, you should know that most words that end in an unpronounced 's' form their possessive by adding an apostrophe + s. So we would write about 'Illinois's next governor' and 'Arkansas's former governor' and 'the Marine Corps's policy.' However, many non-English words that end with a silent 's' or 'x' will form their possessives with only an apostrophe. So we would write 'Alexander Dumas' first novel' and 'this bordeaux' bouquet.' According to the New York Public Library's Guide to Style and Usage, there are 'certain expressions that end in s or the s sound that traditionally require an apostrophe only: for appearance' sake, for conscience' sake, for goodness' sake' (268). Incidentally, the NYPL Guide also suggests that when a word ends in a double s, we're better off writing its possessive with only an apostrophe: the boss' memo, the witness' statement. Many writers insist, however, that we actually hear an 'es' sound attached to the possessive forms of these words, so an apostrophe -s is appropriate: boss's memo, witness's statement. If the look of the three s's in a row doesn't bother you, use that construction.
When we want the possessive of a pluralized family name, we pluralize first and then simply make the name possessive with the use of an apostrophe. Thus, we might travel in the Smiths' car when we visit the Joneses (members of the Jones family) at the Joneses' home. When the last name ends in a hard 'z' sound, we usually don't add an 's' or the '-es' and simply add the apostrophe: 'the Chambers' new baby.'
|Many writers consider it bad form to use apostrophe -s possessives with pieces of furniture and buildings or inanimate objects in general. Instead of 'the desk's edge' (according to many authorities), we should write 'the edge of the desk' and instead of 'the hotel's windows' we should write 'the windows of the hotel.' In fact, we would probably avoid the possessive altogether and use the noun as an attributive: 'the hotel windows.' This rule (if, in fact, it is one) is no longer universally endorsed. We would not say 'the radio of that car' instead of 'that car's radio' (or the 'car radio') and we would not write 'the desire of my heart' instead of 'my heart's desire.' Writing 'the edge of the ski' would probably be an improvement over 'the ski's edge,' however. |
For expressions of time and measurement, the possessive is shown with an apostrophe -s: 'one dollar's worth,' 'two dollars' worth,' 'a hard day's night,' 'two years' experience,' 'an evening's entertainment,' and 'two weeks' notice' (the title of the Hollywood movie nothwithstanding).
Remember that personal pronouns create special problems in the formation of possessives. See the chart of Noun and Pronoun Cases.
Possessives & Gerunds
Possessive forms are frequently modifiers for verb forms used as nouns, or gerunds. Using the possessive will affect how we read the sentence. For instance, 'I'm worried about Joe running in the park after dark' means that I'm worried about Joe and the fact that he runs in the park after dark (the word 'running' is a present participle modifying Joe). On the other hand, 'I'm worried about Joe's running in the park after dark' puts the emphasis on the running that Joe is doing ('running' is a gerund, and 'Joe's' modifies that verbal). Usually, almost always in fact, we use the possessive form of a noun or pronoun to modify a gerund. More is involved, however. Click HERE for further information about using the possessive form with gerunds.
Possessives versus Adjectival Labels
Don't confuse an adjectival label (sometimes called an 'attributive noun') ending in s with the need for a possessive. Sometimes it's not easy to tell which is which. Do you attend a writers' conference or a writers conference? If it's a group of writers attending a conference, you want the plural ending, writers. If the conference actually belongs to the writers, then you'd want the possessive form, writers'. If you can insert another modifer between the -s word and whatever it modifies, you're probably dealing with a possessive. Additional modifiers will also help determine which form to use.
- Patriots quarterback Drew Bledsoe threw three touchdown passes. (plural as modifier)
- The Patriots' [new] quarterback, Drew Bledsoe, threw three touchdown passes. (possessive as modifier]
Possessives of Plurals & Irregular Plurals
Most plural nouns already end in s. To create their possessive, simply add an apostrophe after the s:
- The Pepins' house is the big blue one on the corner.
- The lions' usual source of water has dried up.
- The gases' odors mixed and became nauseating.
- The witches' brooms were hidden in the corner.
- The babies' beds were all in a row.
With nouns whose plurals are irregular (see Plurals), however, you will need to add an apostrophe followed by an s to create the possessive form.
- She plans on opening a women's clothing boutique.
- Children's programming is not a high priority.
- The geese's food supply was endangered.
(But with words that do not change their form when pluralized, you will have to add an -s or -es.)
- The seaweed was destroyed by the fishes' overfeeding.
Holidays Showing Possession
A number of American Holidays have possessive forms, and are peculiarly inconsistent. 'Mother's Day' and 'Father's Day' are easy enough, one parent at a time, and 'Parents' Day' is nicely pluralized, as is 'Presidents' Day' which celebrates the birthdays of both Washington and Lincoln. 'All Souls' Day (Halloween),' of course, takes a plural possessive. 'Veterans Day' is plural but not possessive, for historical reasons shrouded in mystery. Martin Luther King Jr. Day has no possessive. 'New Year's Day,' 'St. Valentine's Day,' St. Patrick's Day,' and 'April Fool's Day' all have their singular prossessive form, and so, while we're at it, does 'Season's Greetings.' Note that 'Daylight Saving Time' is neither possessive nor plural.
When you are showing possession with compounded nouns, the apostrophe's placement depends on whether the nouns are acting separately or together.
- Miguel's and Cecilia's new cars are in the parking lot.
This means that each of them has at least one new car and that their ownership is a separate matter.
- Miguel and Cecilia's new cars are in the parking lot.
This construction tells us that Miguel and Cecilia share ownership of these cars. The possessive (indicated by 's) belongs to the entire phrase, not just to Cecilia.
- Lewis and Clark's expectations were very much the same.
This construction tells us that the two gentlemen held one set of expectations in common.
- Lewis's and Clark's expectations were altogether different.
This means that the expectations of the two men were different (rather obvious from what the sentence says, too). We signify separate ownership by writing both of the compounded proper nouns in the possessive form.
When one of the possessors in a compound possessive is a personal pronoun, we have to put both possessors in the possessive form or we end up with something silly: 'Bill and my car had to be towed last night.'
- Bill's and my car had to be towed last night.
- Giorgio's and her father was not around much during their childhood.
If this second sentence seems unsatisfactory, you might have to do some rewriting so you end up talking about their father, instead, or revert to using both names: 'Giorgio and Isabel's father wasn't around much . . . .' (and then 'Giorgio' will lose the apostrophe +s).
Possessives & Compound Constructions
This is different from the problem we confront when creating possessives with compound constructions such as daughter-in-law and friend of mine. Generally, the apostrophe -s is simply added to the end of the compound structure: my daughter-in-law's car, a friend of mine's car. If this sounds clumsy, use the 'of' construction to avoid the apostrophe: the car of a friend of mine, etc. This is especially useful in pluralized compound structures: the daughters-in-law's car sounds quite strange, but it's correct. We're better off with the car of the daughters-in-law. See the section on Compound Nouns and Modifiers for additional help.
Possessives with Appositive Forms
When a possessive noun is followed by an appositive, a word that renames or explains that noun, the apostrophe +s is added to the appositive, not to the noun. When this happens, we drop the comma that would normally follow the appositive phrase.
- We must get Joe Bidwell, the family attorney's signature.
Create such constructions with caution, however, as you might end up writing something that looks silly:
- I wrecked my best friend, Bob's car.
S&w Serial Number Lookup Revolvers
You're frequently better off using the 'of-genitive' form, writing something like 'We must get the signature of Joe Bidwell, the family attorney' and 'I wrecked the car of my best friend, Bob.'
Do we say 'a friend of my uncle' or 'a friend of my uncle's'? In spite of the fact that 'a friend of my uncle's' seems to overwork the notion of possessiveness, that is usually what we say and write. The double possessive construction is sometimes called the 'post-genitive' or 'of followed by a possessive case or an absolute possessive pronoun' (from the Oxford English Dictionary, which likes to show off). The double possessive has been around since the fifteenth century, and is widely accepted. It's extremely helpful, for instance, in distinguishing between 'a picture of my father' (in which we see the old man) and 'a picture of my father's' (which he owns). Native speakers will note how much more natural it is to say 'He's a fan of hers' than 'he's a fan of her.'
Generally, what follows the 'of' in a double possessive will be definite and human, not otherwise, so we would say 'a friend of my uncle's' but not 'a friend of the museum's [museum, instead].' What precedes the 'of' is usually indefinite (a friend, not the best friend), unless it's preceded by the demonstratives this or that, as in 'this friend of my father's.'
Authority for the section on 'double possessives': The New Fowler's Modern English Usage edited by R.W. Burchfield. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. 1996. Used with the permission of Oxford University Press. Examples our own.
Plural and Possessive Forms
Irregular Plurals and Non-Count Nouns
Possessives and Irregular Plurals
The 686 no dash you reference, by the advanced serial # (AJV) would indicate manufacture in '85/'86, about the time the -1's were coming out.
|Smith & Wesson Model 686|
A Smith & Wesson Model 686, with a 100 mm (4 in) barrel.
|Place of origin||United States|
|Used by||See Users|
|Mass||1.25 kg (2.8 lb)|
|Length||305 mm (12.0 in)|
|Action||Double action and single action|
|Feed system||6-round (686) or 7-round (686 Plus) cylinder|
The Smith & Wesson Model 686 is a six- or seven-shot double-actionrevolver manufactured by Smith & Wesson and chambered for the .357 Magnumcartridge; it will also chamber and fire .38 Special cartridges. Smith & Wesson introduced the Model 686 in 1981. It is the stainless steel version of the Model 586, which featured a blued steel finish. They are available ported and unported with a choice of 6- or 7-round cylinders.
The Model 686 is based on S&W's L (medium) revolver frame. During the 1980s, Smith & Wesson developed its L-Frame line of .357 Magnums: the Model 581, Model 586, Model 681 and Model 686. The Models 581 and 681 have fixed sights, whereas the 586 and 686 use adjustable sights.
- 1972-1974 I keep this list in my computer to help out when buying guns online at auction. N Frame serial numbers ran from 1970 -1983. The guys at the Smith and Wesson forum are great and always ready to help out. Make sure to read the threads first, however before asking your question.
- Smith Wesson 686 Serial Number Search DOWNLOAD (Mirror #1) ccb82a64f7 Browse all new and used Smith & Wesson Revolvers - Model 686 for sale and buy with confidence from Guns International.The majority of gun owners stuck with the tried and true classics of the era: the D-Frame Colt, the J-Frame Smith & Wesson or the odd man out, the Charter Arms.Browse all new and used Smith & Wesson.
- Smith Wesson Dates Of Manufacture From Serial Numbers DOWNLOAD.
- Visit the post for more. S w k frame serial numbers smith and wesson 19 serial numbers serial number lookup smith and wesson smith and wesson serial numbers.
Variants of the 686
The 686 has been available with 64, 76, 102, 127, 152, and 211 mm (2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8.325 in) barrel lengths as standard models and other barrel lengths either by special order from S&W's Performance Center custom shop, or acquired from or built by after-market gunsmiths. The Performance Center made a limited number of Model 686s chambered for .38 Super cartridges for competitive shooters.
The 686 features a 6-round cylinder. The 686P variant, marketed as the Model 686 Plus, has a 7-round cylinder. The 686PP variant, with PP designating PowerPort, has an integral compensator (also known as a muzzle brake).
S&w Serial Number Lookup Free
The 686 has been made with pistol grips having a squared or rounded end (colloquially, 'square butt' or 'round butt'). The grips on the pistol can be changed, and multiple after-market options are available.
The Model 686 has an adjustable rear sight, and until 1992, the 152 and 211 mm (6 and 8.325 in) versions had the option of an adjustable front sight. They had Goncalo alveshardwood grips until 1994, when the grip was replaced by a rubber Hogue grip.
Through the years, there have been several variations on the Model 686. The Model 686 Classic Hunter was introduced in 1988 and has a 150 mm (6 in) barrel and a non-fluted cylinder; the Model 686 Black Stainless was introduced in 1989 and has either a 100 or 150 mm (4 or 6 in) barrel with a black finish, with production limited to 5000; the Model 686 National Security Special was introduced in 1992 and has a 76 or 102 mm (3 or 4 in) barrel; the Model 686 Target Champion was introduced in 1992 and has a 150 mm (6 in) match-grade barrel, adjustable trigger stop, and walnut grips; the Model 686 Power Port was introduced in 1994 and has a ported 150 mm (6 in) barrel; the Model 686 Plus was introduced in 1996 and has a 64, 76, 102, or 152 mm (2.5, 3, 4, or 6 in) barrel, adjustable sights, 7-shot cylinder, and Hogue rubber grips. As with all current Smith & Wesson revolvers, the 686 Plus now has a key lock integral to the frame of the gun.
|6 rounds||1988||Unfluted cylinder|
|6 rounds||1989||Black finish over stainless, 5000 produced|
|S&W 686 CS-1||Unknown||Made for United States Customs Service|
|6 rounds||1992||Black finish|
|6 rounds||1992||Black finish|
|6 rounds||1992||Full lug|
|7 rounds||1996||Lockable with key|
|7 rounds||1996||Lockable with key|
|7 rounds||1996||Lockable with key|
|7 rounds||2004||Half-lug barrel, HiViz front sight|
|6 rounds||2003||Brushed gold finish with finger hardwood grips|
|6 rounds||Integral Compensator, lockable with key|
|6 rounds||2007||Weighted barrel, Weaver/Picatinny rail on barrel, adjustable/removable weights, ball-bearing cylinder lock, forged Hhmmer and trigger, traditional old school pinned sSear, PC aluminum case or gun rug, lockable with key|
Engineering and production changes
- 686 (no dash), 1981 Introduction model
- 686-1, 1986 radius stud package, floating hand
- 686-2, 1987 changed hammer nose, bushing and associated parts
- 686-3, 1988 new yoke retention system
- 686-4, 1993 change rear sight leaf, drill and tap frame, change extractor, Hogue grips
- 686-5, 1997 change frame design to eliminate cylinder stop stud, eliminate serrated tangs, MIM hammer and trigger, change internal lock.
- 686-6, 2001 internal lock
- 686-7, 2003 Performance Center .38 Super, 6-Shot unfluted cylinder, 4' barrel, Stainless Steel, 250 Made
- France – Used by GIGN during amphibious operations.
- Norway – The 3'-barreled version with Goncalo alveshardwood-grip was used as a sidearm in the alien immigrant-branches of the Norwegian Police Service by individual plainclothes officers during the early 1990s.
- United States – Used by U.S. Border Patrol. Used by legacy U.S. Customs Service. Used by the legacy U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service Used by U.S. Navy SEALs during waterborne missions. Used by some smaller police departments and by individual officers in larger departments, especially in marine environments.
- Luxembourg – Used by the Luxembourg Grand Ducal Police as duty weapon from the 1980s through 2017 when it was replaced by the HK VP9.
- United States - Used by the Oso Grande 4x4 Posse as an approved weapon for posse members preferring a revolver. Some twenty revolvers were acquired in the early 2000's as issue/approved weapons.
In 1987, seven years after the release of the Model 686, there were reports of cylinder binding with some types of standard .357 Magnum ammunition for L-frame revolvers manufactured before August 1987. S&W put out a product warning and authorized a no-charge upgrade to make modifications to the revolver. All recalled and reworked guns were stamped with an M marking, signifying that they had been recalled and fixed; thus it is known as the M modification for all 686, 686-1, 586-1, and 586-2 revolvers.
- ^ abcdSupica, Jim; Richard Nahas (2007). Standard Catalog of Smith & Wesson (3 ed.). F+W Media, Inc. pp. 331–363. ISBN978-0-89689-293-4.
- ^Boorman, Dean K. (2002). The History of Smith & Wesson Firearms. Globe Pequot. p. 119. ISBN978-1-58574-721-4.
- ^Jim Supica (2011). Standard Catalog of Smith & Wesson 3rd. Iola, wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 343. ISBN978-1-4402-2700-4.
- ^Chalker, Denny; Dockery, Kevin (2009). One Perfect Op. New York: Harper Collins. p. 104. ISBN978-0-06-175129-5.
- ^Sweeney, Patrick (2011). The Gun Digest Book of Smith & Wesson. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 104. ISBN978-1-4402-2714-1.
- ^'So sieht die neue Pistole der Police Grand-Ducale aus'. L'Essentiel. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- ^Product Warning, Popular Mechanics, January 1988, p. 11.
Serial Numbers on Smith and Wesson Firearms
If you own a Smith and Wesson handgun, you might be interested in finding out some more information on your particular gun. Once you locate the serial number, then you are able to do some research and find out a little history on your gun. Below you will find some visual examples of where to look for the serial number on your S&W handgun. You can then use the serial number to find out the Smith & Wesson date manufactured for your particular gun. Keep in mind that many Smith and Wesson guns produced before 1957 did not have a serial number stamped on them. These older guns will take a little more effort to find out their history. For those Smith Wesson with serial numbers, see the pictures below to find where to look.
S&w Serial Number Lookup N Frame
S W Serial Numbers Chart
Smith Wesson Serial Numbers - Revolvers
Smith Wesson Serial Numbers - Pistols
There are some exceptions to the locations shown above for certain S&W pistols. On the Sigma series and the SW99 models, you will find the serial number in the locations shown in the pictures below.
Smith And Wesson Model 36 Serial Lookup
Smith Wesson Serial Numbers - Sigma Series
Smith Wesson Serial Numbers - SW99
S&w Serial Number Lookup Revolvers Free Printable Chart
Smith Pre Model 10 Serial Number Lookup
Once you've located the serial number, then you can try to contact Smith and Wesson and see if they can give you an information about your particular gun like date of manufacture or other specific details. You can try to contact their customer support by phone and see if they would be willing to help you that way. If they are unable (or unwilling) to help over the phone, then you can contact them via writing with information on your S&W pistol, and they will research your particular firearm and send you a written report. You can send them a picture and they can find out more of the background on your gun along with the date manufactured. They will charge you for this service ($50 at the time this was written) and it is probably only worthwhile for older collectible guns which have no serial numbers. If you can find the serial number, then you are better off just trying to call S&W customer service first. If that doesn't work, then you could try to contact a gun shop and see if they can help you. Furthermore, some internet forums are filled with helpful and knowledgeable people that would be happy to help try to interpret the serial number on your handgun. In addition, a book such as: Standard Catalog of Smith & Wesson written by Jim Supica, Richard Nahas, published 2007, can be used to try to get more information about your gun. This book can be very helpful in finding Smith & Wesson date manufactured information and also general historical information about different S&W firearms. In fact, if you post a message on an internet group asking for help in identifying your particular Smith & Wesson gun, then it is very likely that a member of the group will use this book or something similar when they help. Thankfully, most people will probably have a newer gun with the serial numbers, and it should be relatively easy to get more background information using that number. The old guns without the serial numbers are the ones that can be a little trickier. Regarding old Smith & Wesson guns, below is an interesting video narrated by Jim Supica about an early S&W revolver given to the legendary Teddy Roosevelt.
Smith And Wesson 686-3 Serial Number Lookup
S&w 686 Serial Number Location